The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT), 2 % chlorhexidine (CHX). The teeth were contaminated with 0.1 mL Enterococcus faecalis (3 × 10(8) cell/mL) and randomized into eight treatment groups: Group 1 (2.5 % NaOCl); Group 2 (PDT); Group 3 (2 % CHX); Group 4 (TAM); Group 5 (propolis), Group 6 (ozone), Group 7 (positive control) and Group 8 (negative control). Following treatment, the canal content was sampled. The samples were cultured in triplicate on blood agar plates to determine the number of colony forming units (CFU)/mL. The teeth were analyzed by SEM to determine the percentage of area with contamination and debris. The group with the lowest CFU/mL count was the ozone group, which obtained similar values to the PDT group. SEM images showed that 2.5 % NaOCL group showed the lowest percentage of contaminated area. Applications of PDT, 2 % CHX, TAM, propolis and ozone showed antibacterial potential similar to 2.5 % NaOCL.